The Carter Center, located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, is a non-profit organization established in 1982 by former US President Jimmy Carter and former First Lady Rosalynn Carter.
Its main mission is to promote the resolution of international conflicts, promote democracy and human rights, and improve the quality of life of people in more than 65 countries. There is a tradition in modern America. After the president leaves office, a presidential library and museum will be built to preserve documents and archives during the presidency and introduce the president's life and political achievements. Former President Carter was no exception. But Carter is different from all outgoing presidents in that besides having a library and museum, he also has a Carter Center named after him.
Since its establishment nearly 30 years ago, President Carter and Carter Center experts have been active in non-governmental diplomacy and humanitarian activities, making the Carter Center more and more famous and influential. The Carter Center is mainly funded by private, foundation and corporate donations, and the center currently employs approximately 150 professional staff. And President Carter himself and his wife often led the staff of the center to be active in every corner of the world, eradicating various parasitic diseases raging in Africa, and mediating crises in Haiti, North Korea, and the former Yugoslavia. Since its inception 30 years ago, the Carter Center has been cooperating with Emory University in Atlanta, sending observers to monitor elections, persuading conflicting parties to stop fighting for peace, and extensively promoting democratic processes and economic cooperation. So far, about 80 countries have benefited from it. Election Monitoring The Center believes that free and fair democratic elections are often the first step towards self-help for developing countries. Therefore, in 1997, it activated a "democracy plan" and specially sent observers to countries to monitor the election process. It also established an "International Human Rights Council" to monitor the human rights situation and resolve conflicts. In addition, the eradication of tropical diseases and popularization of hygiene knowledge are also the top priorities of the Carter Center. In his 90s, President Carter still personally visits Egypt and participates in other projects of the center.
The Carter Center is the only NGO invited by China to help the Ministry of Civil Affairs regulate election activities in more than 600,000 villages. Beginning in 1998, at the invitation of the Ministry of Civil Affairs of China, the Carter Center launched a joint project to observe and study village elections in China, and established long-term cooperative relations with the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the National People's Congress. The Carter Center has invited experts and scholars from all over the country to observe the presidential election five times. In 2002, the Carter Center established the China Project, which is under the charge of Professor Liu Yawei, focusing on and researching the development and problems of China's domestic law and rule of law, social equity, and civic education. governance network. The Carter Center also conducts academic exchanges and project cooperation with some domestic research institutions and universities, such as the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Renmin University of China, China University of Political Science and Law, and Baptist University. Since leaving office, President Carter has visited China ten times. Because of President Carter's decision to normalize Sino-US relations in 1978, and the popularity of the center in China.
The Carter Center currently employs 150 full-time employees. From 1992 to the present by John. Dr. Hardman leads. As a non-governmental and non-profit organization, the Carter Center's funding mainly comes from annual government, corporate and individual donations. In the fiscal year 2010-2011, the Center received US$185 million (approximately RMB 1.182 billion) in funds and donations. The US$1 million (approximately HK$7.8 million) that Carter received from the Nobel Peace Prize was also allocated for funding.
The Mission of the Carter Center:
Guided by a fundamental commitment to human rights and the alleviation of human suffering.
Seeks to prevent and resolve conflict, strengthen freedom and democracy, and improve health.
Emphasize action and measurable results.
Prepare to take timely action on important and pressing issues, based on careful research and analysis.
Strive to break new ground without duplicating the effective efforts of others.
Solve puzzles in difficult situations and recognize that the possibility of failure is an acceptable risk.
is non-partisan, actively seeks complementary partnerships and works with other organizations from the highest levels of government to local communities.
When people gain the necessary skills, knowledge and resources, they can improve their lives.
Background of the Carter Center:
He spent his early years in the military, and in 1971 he became governor of Georgia. In 1976, he was elected president on behalf of the Democratic Party of the United States. During his tenure, he promoted energy conservation policies and public security housing policies. On the diplomatic front, Carter pursued a policy of pragmatism and tolerance. He actively mediated the war between Israel and Egypt and formally established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. Carter paid attention to the protection of human rights in his diplomacy with other countries. He once advised the South Korean government run by military strongman Park Chung-hee to improve human rights. Despite growing up in a family of Georgia state legislators and farmers, President Carter has maintained the simplicity and hard-working style he developed as a child. When he was running for president, he called himself "The Peanut Farmer" to distinguish himself from the elite of political and business families. His approachability has won the favor of a large number of ordinary voters. As a populist and idealistic politician, Carter failed to implement some of his political and diplomatic ambitions during his presidency due to various objective constraints. Therefore, after leaving office, he revisited around the world, joined other retired politicians and celebrities, promoted his pacifist ideas, and advocated charity, democracy and human rights. He also won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. The Carter Center he established is an important platform for him to implement this series of undertakings and educate the next generation.
Director of the Carter Center China Program:
Professor Liu Yawei is the Director of the Carter Center's China Project. He has been in charge of the exchanges and cooperation between the Carter Center and China and academic institutions for a long time. He has accompanied President Carter to visit China ten times and met with high-level Chinese leaders. As an adjunct professor at Emory University and a distinguished professor at Fudan University in Shanghai, he has an important influence in the field of political and social development research in China.
The official website of the Carter Center:www.cartercenter.org